Menswear is bestridden by archetypes; its wearers are akin to Mr Benn. Every day, we assume different identities through garments that are interwoven with history and symbolism: the soldier, the sailor, the personal trainer, as the nursery rhyme didn’t go…

Commentators will, on the back of our daily dress-up, periodically take the fashion industry to task – not undeservedly – for appropriating the uniforms of professions, especially working-class ones. But it’s not always about fashion so much as it is function. After all, it’s only logical that clothes made for performing tough jobs might become popular outside of their original context.

However, it’s also often about evoking a particular spirit, heritage or character, even if the item in question bears little relation – which is how we arrive at the illogicality of dry-clean-only cashmere ‘fisherman’s jumpers’. The wearer’s identity is another driving factor: frequently we want to adopt these uniforms precisely because our own job is less edifying.

Whether you want to change your occupation or just your clothes, these are five of the professions that fashion has stolen from the most, plus what you should take – or leave.

The Soldier

From the great- and trench coat to the bomber and field jacket, very few of the items hanging in your wardrobe haven’t come from military uniform. Including the T-shirt (a standard-issue undergarment for the US and British navies circa 1913) and the chino (brought back from the Philippines by GIs).

Even the suit is discharged from the armed forces. Eighteenth-century swag lord Beau Brummell, a vet of the Tenth Royal Hussars, mixed his cavalry duds with his civvies, and – with war in fashion over the last few centuries – many tailors honed their craft on uniforms, which they then applied to their other customers. Add to that the fact that when clothing is produced for conflicts in vast quantities, there’s the upshot of cheap, widely available ‘surplus’.

Perhaps the principal reason for the popularity of military clothing, though, is that it’s well-made and supremely functional. And because of its martial connotations, strategic deployment of camouflage pattern or just the colour khaki can suffuse any garment with a certain toughness – even if the only time you ‘served’ was your summer holiday bar job.

Just be sure to follow orders: one piece is safe, two is risky (excepting less obvious ones like the tee or chinos) and three is fancy dress. You’re nodding to military, not doing a re-enactment.

(Related: Style lessons we’ve learned from the military)

Men's Military and Armed Forces-Inspired Outfit Inspiration Lookbook

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The Lumberjack

AKA the ‘lumbersexual’, which sounds like someone with a fetish for tree-hugging.

Make-believe it may be, but the urban woodsman trend was rooted in a desire for authenticity – one that sprung up thanks to menswear blogs like A Continuous Lean championing solid, made-in-America products like Pendleton shirts and Red Wing boots.

As many axe-sharp commentators have observed, this swagger-lumberjacking also speaks to a wider perceived crisis in masculinity. (Insert your own ‘wood’ jokes here.) When your craft consists of tapping away at a keyboard, the notion of making actual stuff with your hands – without the aid of a whimsically illustrated instruction manual – becomes appealing. Yes, lumberjacks mainly chop stuff down, but the point still stands.

Again, as with the soldier, we’re seeking to borrow some of the lumberjack’s rugged masculinity, consciously or otherwise. And there’s nothing wrong with buying a plaid work shirt, even if your work is more white-collar than blue. Or with growing a beard for that matter.

The cut-off point is when it becomes costume, or worse, a full-on lifestyle that automatically rejects anything that isn’t exactly like how they did it in the old days. Try swapping your MacBook for a typewriter, Bunyan, and let us know how you get on. By post.

Men's Lumberjack/Woodsman-Inspired Outfit Inspiration Lookbook

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The Personal Trainer

Where did the athleisure trend – i.e. looking like you’re going to the gym, even if you’re not – spring up plyometrically from? More importantly, who came up with the name, and can we go back in time to stop them, like James Franco in 11.22.63?

(Related: Everything you need to know about ‘athleisure’)

Well, interest in health and fitness has swollen more massively than an inflatable Arnie in recent years. It used to be that just working out was enough to define you literally and metaphorically. But now that everybody exercises, it’s about where, how and in what. Hence the flood of scenester sweatboxes and eateries serving clean-and-lean Instagram fodder.

Then there’s the practicality aspect. Sportswear is designed for moving (and sweating) in, making it comfortable even if it’s a rest day. It’s an arena that incorporates the latest advances in fabric technology. And it’s a movement away from the lumberjack right before it, a kettlebell-like swing of the fashion pendulum from traditional to modern.

But there are some elements that athleisure and lumbersexuality have in common: namely, a strong suggestion of physical capability, whether it’s performing cable woodchoppers or chopping actual wood. You’re a manly man, even if you’re wearing compression tights.

Men's Athleisure and Sportswear Outfit Inspiration Lookbook

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The Sailor

Obviously there’s some overlap here with the soldier. But the sailor deserves his own entry on account of the sheer quantity of naval garments that have cemented themselves into the wardrobes of us landlubbers.

There’s the pea coat, which was double-breasted to provide warmth and protection from rigging. There’s the duffle coat, with toggles designed for doing up with gloved hands on deck. And of course there’s the Breton top, famously commandeered by Jean-Paul Gaultier, with its graphic stripes that supposedly made sailors who fell overboard easier to spot. That’s all before you get into non-military nautical items like boat shoes.

While they may elicit a “Hello, sailor” or “Ahoy” from unenlightened types, these pieces are, like real sailors, extremely hardy (the campaign for Le Male notwithstanding). They’re also practical. And furthermore, they hark back to an authentic, rum-sinking, mum-tattooing masculinity.

You could even push the boat out with a pea coat, a Breton top and ‘watch cap’ beanie without looking too preposterous. But as before, one too many pieces can tip you over. And steer well clear of gold or brass buttons, which should get in the sea harder than Leonardo DiCaprio at the end of Titanic.

Men's Sailor/Navy-Inspired Outfit Inspiration Lookbook

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The Fisherman

The sailor’s civilian cousin, the fisherman has been fingered by some birds-eyed pundits to take over from the lumberjack as the fashion tides change.

So hot right now they may be, but it should come as no surprise that real-life fishermen dress primarily for function – i.e. staying warm and dry – rather than form. Which is precisely why their wardrobes are being trawled by hipsters looking to ride the next wave.

There’s a net increase this season in ‘fisherman’ jumpers with Fair Isle or Aran patterns. Although unlike authentic Aran knits – which are handmade by Irish fishermen’s wives from unwashed wool boasting natural, waterproof lanolin (and a characteristic sheep smell) – they’re probably a poly-cotton blend produced in the Far East.

The deluge of brightly coloured slicker-style waterproofs can also be traced – via Scandinavia – to our fishermen friends. Again, while the trend might seem laughable on the surface, it’s resolutely practical. Ultimately, what looks stupid is not dressing up as a fisherman, but buying expensive, rarefied versions of stuff that’s meant to be utilitarian.

(Related: The men’s rainwear buying guide)

Men's Fisherman-Inspired Outfit Inspiration Lookbook

Stutterheim AW15primarkHenri Lloydnew look aw14

Final Word

Are you employed in playing dress-up on a daily basis? Or do you actually work in any of these fields and find this all vaguely offensive?

Do a job on us in the comments below.